AskDefine | Define repair

Dictionary Definition



1 the act of putting something in working order again [syn: fix, fixing, fixture, mend, mending, reparation]
2 a formal way of referring to the condition of something; "the building was in good repair"
3 a frequently visited place [syn: haunt, hangout, resort, stamping ground]


1 restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken; "She repaired her TV set"; "Repair my shoes please" [syn: mend, fix, bushel, doctor, furbish up, restore, touch on] [ant: break]
2 make amends for; pay compensation for; "One can never fully repair the suffering and losses of the Jews in the Third Reich"; "She was compensated for the loss of her arm in the accident" [syn: compensate, recompense, indemnify]
3 move, travel, or proceed toward some place; "He repaired to his cabin in the woods" [syn: resort]
4 set straight or right; "remedy these deficiencies"; "rectify the inequities in salaries"; "repair an oversight" [syn: rectify, remediate, remedy, amend]
5 give new life or energy to; "A hot soup will revive me"; "This will renovate my spirits"; "This treatment repaired my health" [syn: animate, recreate, reanimate, revive, renovate, quicken, vivify, revivify]

User Contributed Dictionary



Etymology 1



  1. The act of repairing something.
    I took the car to the workshop for repair.
  2. The result of repairing something.
    If you look closely you can see the repair in the paintwork
  3. The condition of something, in respect of need for repair.
    The car was overall in poor repair before the accident. But after the workshop had it for three weeks it was returned in excellent repair.
Derived terms
act of repairing something
  • Czech: oprava
Derived terms
to restore to good working order

Etymology 2

Middle English repairen, to return, from Old French repairier, from Late Latin repatrire, to return to one's country.


  1. An act of going on vacation.
    our annual repair to the mountains.
  2. A place to which one goes frequently or habitually; a haunt.


  1. To transfer oneself to another place.
    I heard the visitors repair to their chambers. Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bronte 1850.
Derived terms

Extensive Definition

Maintenance, Repair and Operations or Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) is fixing any sort of mechanical or electrical device should it become out of order or broken (repair) as well as performing the routine actions which keep the device in working order (maintenance) or prevent trouble from arising (preventive maintenance).
All actions which have the objective of retaining or restoring an item in or to a state in which it can perform its required function. The actions include the combination of all technical and corresponding administrative, managerial, and supervision actions.
In telecommunication, the term maintenance has the following meanings:
1. Any activity, such as tests, measurements, replacements, adjustments and repairs, intended to retain or restore a functional unit in or to a specified state in which the unit can perform its required functions.
2. [For material], All action taken to retain material in a serviceable condition or to restore it to serviceability. It includes inspection, testing, servicing, classification as to serviceability, repair, rebuilding, and reclamation.
3. [For material], All supply and repair action taken to keep a force in condition to carry out its mission.
4. [For material], The routine recurring work required to keep a facility (plant, building, structure, ground facility, utility system, or other real property) in such condition that it may be continuously used, at its original or designed capacity and efficiency for its intended purpose.
Manufacturers and Industrial Supply Companies often refer to MRO as opposed to Original Equipment Manufacture (OEM). OEM includes any activity related to the direct manufacture of goods, where MRO refers to any maintenance and repair activity to keep a manufacturing plant running.
Industrial Supply Companies can generally be sorted into two types:
  • the ones who cater to the MRO market generally carry a broad range of items such as fasteners, conveyors, cleaning goods, plumbing, and tools to keep a plant running.
  • OEM supply companies generally provide a smaller range of goods in much larger quantities with much lower prices, selling materials that will be regularly consumed in the manufacturing process to create the finished item.

MRO software

In many organizations because of the number of devices or products that need to be maintained or the complexity of systems, there is a need to manage the information with software packages. This is particularly the case in aerospace (e.g. airline fleets), military installations, large plants (e.g. manufacturing, power generation, petrochemical) and ships.
These software tools help engineers and technicians in increasing the availability of systems and reducing costs and repair times as well as reducing material supply time and increasing material availability by improving supply chain communication.
As MRO involves working with an organization’s products, resources, suppliers and customers, MRO packages have to interface with many enterprise business software systems (PLM, ERP, SCM, CRM).
One of the functions of such software is the configuration of bills of materials or BOMs, taking the component parts list from engineering (eBOM) and manufacturing (mBOM) and updating it from “as delivered” through “as maintained” to “as used”.
Another function is project planning logistics, for example identifying the critical path on the list of tasks to be carried out (inspection, diagnosis, locate/order parts and service) to calculate turnaround times (TAT).
Other tasks that software can perform:
  • Planning operations,
  • Managing execution of events,
  • Management of assets (parts, tools and equipment inventories),
  • Knowledge-base data on:
    • Maintenance service history,
    • Serial numbered parts,
    • Reliability data: MTBF (mean time between failures), MTTB (mean time to breakdown), MTBR (mean time between removals),
    • Maintenance and repair documentation and best practices,
    • Warranty/guarantee documents.
Many of these tasks are addressed in Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS).
repair in Arabic: صيانة
repair in German: Instandhaltung
repair in Spanish: Reparación y mantenimiento
repair in French: Maintenance
repair in Italian: Manutenzione
repair in Russian: Ремонт зданий и сооружений
repair in Ukrainian: Ремонт

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

adjust, adjustment, amends, apply, atone, atone for, bad condition, brighten up, brush up, case, cobble, commission, compensate, compensation, condition, correction, darn, do up, doctor, estate, expiate, fare, fettle, fitness, fix, fix up, fixing, form, freshen, furbish, furbish up, give satisfaction, go, good condition, hie, improvement, journey, kilter, live down, make amends, make compensation, make good, make matters up, make reparation, make right, make up for, making right, mend, mending, nick, order, overhaul, overhauling, pass, patch, patch up, pay the forfeit, pay the penalty, polish, polish up, proceed, process, propitiate, push on, put in commission, put in order, put in repair, put in shape, put right, ready, rebuild, recap, recompense, recondition, reconstruct, rectification, recur, redeem, redress, refer, remedy, renew, renewal, renovate, renovation, repairing, reparation, restoration, restore, retouch, retread, revamp, revive, rub up, run, satisfaction, satisfy, service, set right, set to rights, sew up, shape, shine, spruce, spruce up, square it, square things, state, tinker, tinker up, tone up, touch up, travel, trim, troubleshooting, turn, vamp, vamp up, wend
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